Japan had the first dedicated aircraft carrier = Hosho, 1922. Shown here before deck structures were relocated.
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Hosho undergoing sea trials, Dec. 1922.
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Shown here during the invasion of China ca. 1937. Hosho in foreground - Akagi can be seen behind. By this time all structures had been relocated from the main deck per IJN protocol.
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Type 10 biplane - first type carried by Hosho.
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B4Y Biplane used for recon and anti-submarine patrols - even at Midway.
m6B4YChina.jpg



The deck wasn't strong enough for later torpedo bombers, so Hosho was used in a training mode until late in the war when it was laid up in Kure.

 
Japan had the first dedicated aircraft carrier = Hosho, 1922. Shown here before deck structures were relocated.

HMS Furious enters the chat in 1918 ;)
 
Troops marching in formation, Yasakuni Shrine, Tokyo, April 1945.
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Kaiten suicide torpedoes.

Pilot shouting something - possibly "Banzai!"
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Pilots heroically waving swords while departing for a mission.
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Test launch from a light cruiser.
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Schematic - not sure which type is shown.
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Illustration of two kaiten secured to a transporting submarine.
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A number of the approx. 300 kaiten built that never saw service.
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The kaiten concepts most notable success - an American tanker filled with aviation fuel sunk near Ulithi. The transporting submarine reported it as an American carrier sunk.
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It was not a successful concept by any means. Many trainees died learning to operate the craft. One of the types was accessible to the pilot only by crawling into a belly hatch which was bolted shut behind him. I tend to claustrophobia, and the idea creeps me out!

Kaiten were powered by a 2 cylinder engine that ran on kerosene or diesel and oxygen. A few used hydrogen peroxide and hydrazine hydrate - a lethal combination!

 
Japanese officers on Attu Island, Alaska, circa 1943
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Japan had the first dedicated aircraft carrier = Hosho, 1922. Shown here before deck structures were relocated.

HMS Furious enters the chat in 1918 ;)

HMS Furious was first built as a Battlecruiser before being rebuilt as a carrier. Hosho was built as a carrier from the keel up.
 

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