The results of Russian occupation of Crimea and beginning of armed invasion to eastern Ukraine are international sanctions, including the supply of military goods, which have been imposed on the Russian Federation. Another crushing punch to Russian military-industrial complex has become the sanctions imposed by Ukrainian government, which banned the Ukrainian enterprises to carry out any activity with the country-aggressor.
The Kremlin's reaction was predictable - "they say, not too much we need You, you will soon cancel sanctions, and apologize, we will exist witout you, because now we have got up from knees, "Crimea Is Russian Federation" and other phrases of nonsense …
Starting with analysis of problems which confronted by Russian Federation after the imposition of sanctions in the field of defense industry, we must mention such factors as the alignment of military-technical cooperation with foreign countries.
In case with newly formed countries of CIS, they were forced to start their activities in this field, as to say from new page, opening up new markets, attempting to gain a foothold and establish them by investing and filling them with a political component and often competing with each other, but the Russian Federation felt at the international defense market quite freely and spacious.
Moscow without any financial cost and with complete absence of competition firmly hold the 2nd place in the list of the largest exporters of arms in the world. Here are some of them: Algeria, China, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Syria, Vietnam, Venezuela, Angola, Ethiopia and of course, the largest diamond in the crown of the Russian military-technical cooperation - India, which still annually pleases the Kremlin's corrupt officials with many billions of US dollars contracts.
The Russian political doctrine has always assumed the presence of an own strong army, so it would be unfair not mention that under the leadership of President Putin on the development of its own armed forces were given significant government spending, the army and the fleet were regularly updated with new types of weapons. However, the question of quality of these weapons and implementation of the latest scientific developments in this case is not very crucial.
What is important is the fact that the armament of Russian army and the navy is carried out based on human and industrial potential, inherited by Russian Federation from USSR. There is no development of the basic military and technical sciences, specialized universities, responsible for preparing of scientific personnel to work in design bureaus and specialized enterprises, have been either closed or, figuratively speaking, exist only on paper, because the modern Russian youth do not want to be involved in scientific research in a badly heated rooms constructed in mid-60s.
Technological modernization of machinery equipment and production equipment also did not materialise, if you look around at the enterprises of the Russian defense industry you may see dignified label "Made in USSR". However, it is worth noting that in the most advanced and still-functioning enterprises label "Made in GDR" sometimes may be found or "Made in Czechoslovakia", which is more high-quality equipment in comparison with the Soviet one. Employees of Russian defense enterprises, trained in the era of Soviet Union are also unfortunately, will not last forever and they do not have a proper replacement.
As a result, the dependence of Russia on imported components was growing each year, and dependence of these components bo be used in complex systems and units (radars, aerospace, aviation, navigation, fire control, ballistic computers, special steels, alloys, composite materials and others) already became just comprehensive.
That is why Russia still produces and sells worldwide weapons created anf designed in the period of USSR, not even planning to create some new and more advanced models.
Only few people knows, that but back in 1985 in city Nizhny Tagil were completed all the works on the development of so called technical project "Object 148", and only after 30 years, the Kremlin was finally able to present it to the world as the most advanced Russian tank T -14 "Armata".
Russian federation is pushed to choose this path because of lack of qualified personnel, scientific and industrial potential and avalability of huge quantity of spare parts, components, parts and ammunition, inherited after collapse of the Soviet Union, the reserves of which at that time seemed to be inexhaustible.
According to international experts, industrial backwardness, lack of personnel, dependence on import, international sanctions and the lack of cooperation with Ukrainian enterprises sooner or later, would lead to significant problems in the Russian military-industrial complex. However, no one could even imagine that it would happen so fast.
First and annoying problems have appeared in a relatively cloudless for Russian Federation year 2007 – when Algeria, received 15 fighters MiG-29 SMT and returned them back to the Russia, referring that huge amount of components and systems of aircrafts were manufactured at the period of 80th-90th, which violated conditions of the contract.
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